El Rey Prudente

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Filippo II e Tiberio nei Diez Libros de la Razón de Estado (1593) di Antonio de Herrera

di Carolina Ferraro – carolina.phoebe.ferraro [@] gmail.com (Polish Academy of Sciences, Tadeusz Manteuffel Institute of History) – https://doi.org/10.1080/01916599.2024.2346028

Segnaliamo l’articolo appena pubblicato full access su History of European Ideas – https://doi.org/10.1080/01916599.2024.2346028

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to draw a comparison between two models of sovereignty, embodied by Philip II of Spain and the Roman emperor Tiberius, as described in Cornelius Tacitus’ Annales. My analysis is based on Diez Libros de la Razón de Estado, the Castilian translation of Della Ragion di Stato by Giovanni Botero (1544–1617), made by the Spanish Court historian Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas (1549–1625). Herrera’s translation plays an important role in the Spanish reception of the wider debates on the relationship between ethics and politics in early modern Spain. I will first address the reliability of Herrera’s translation, highlighting the instances in which his translation was moulded to be applicable to the Spanish court. What emerges from this analysis is the concern with the notion of ‘prudence’ that enabled Philip II’s political style. Secondly, I intend to show how Herrera depicts Tiberius as a counterpart to Philip II and how the latter takes on the deeds of the prudent monarch. The comparison herein outlined stems from the use of quotations from the Tacitean oeuvre, which had become an important tool for policy-making at the time.

This study was carried out within the NCN (National Science Centre Poland) project ‘The Secularisation of the West: Tacitism from the 16th to the 18th century’, project no. 2019/35/B/HS1/04039.HISTORY OF EUROPEAN

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